Tanzania is country so wealthy that it would practically take years to document all the resources. Not only is the country proud to bear witness to the highest and largest free standing mountain in the world but also to the rich and diverse wildlife concentrations, mineral and other resources available. If Africa’s tourism opportunities were to be summarized by one single country that country would be Tanzania.
Population: Tanzania has a population of around 47.6 million (UN, 2012). Native Africans constitute 99% of the population
Climate: Tanzania has a tropical climate along the coast but it gets temperate in the highlands.
April & Mid – May = Long rains (Green Season)
June – Sept = Cool season
Nov – Dec = Short Rains
October – March = Hottest season
The range of Temperatures in Tanzania is fairly limited and always hot, running from 25 to 30 degrees C on the coast while the rest of the country apart from the highlands run from 22 to 27 degrees C.
Time: GMT + 3 hrs
Electricity: 240 Volts AC, 50 – 60 Hz
Language: Kiswahili & English
Area: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)
Life expectancy: 58 years (men), 60 years (women) (UN)
Monetary Unit: 1 Tanzanian shilling = 100 cents
Main exports: Gold, sisal, cloves, coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco
GNI per capita: US $540 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .tz
International dialling code: +255
Currency: Tanzania Shillings; however you are advised to carry American Dollars. Money changers do accept major convertible currencies including the EURO and the Japanese Yen. Travellers Cheques may be acceptable in some places, but not in the remote countryside, Major Credit Cards may also be acceptable in some large Hotels, however it is advisable to carry Cash US Dollars, which you will change on arrival..
System of government: Tanzania is a multiparty democratic republic.
Capital: Dodoma, with a population of around 325,000, is the official capital while
Dar-es-Salaam, with a population of nearly 4 million, serves as the administrative capital of the country.